The first step to deciding what to put on your resume is to choose a resume format.
Different formats serve different purposes. The 3 basic resume formats are:
The reverse-chronological resume is the most standard resume format and hiring managers will generally expect to see resumes this way. This type of resume focuses mainly on showcasing your work experience.
Applicants list their most recent and relevant job first. This is then followed with previous jobs in reverse-chronological order to help show your career history & progression.
The functional resume is the preferred format for applicants with little to no experience. Rather than focusing on work experience, this format emphasizes other sections such as your skills or education.
A hybrid resume combines elements from both the reverse-chronological and functional formats. This works best for applicants who may have some work experience but not enough to fill an entire resume.
There is also an alternative to the resume known as the Curriculum Vitae, more commonly called the CV, which slightly differs from a traditional resume.
In the United States, a CV is primarily used for job applications in the fields of science and academia.
This type of document is much longer and more in-depth than the standard resume as it focuses heavily on achievements, skills and other relevant information like degrees, publications, coursework and certifications.
CVs are also the standard format used in international locations, especially in Europe. For applicants applying to jobs outside of the U.S. and Canada, creating a CV will be a necessity.