“CV” is an abbreviation for Curriculum Vitae.
The CV is a long-form resume generally used in the fields of science and academia.
A standard resume focuses almost entirely on an applicant’s relevant work experience.
By comparison, a CV provides a broader and more in-depth overview of a person’s entire career.
Additionally, a CV will place a much greater emphasis on the applicant’s academic background.
Standard resumes may only list what degree you earned and what school you went to.
A CV will cover every single academic credential you possess.
This can include items such as publications, presentations, honors, and grants.
CVs can differ somewhat drastically in what information they contain.
This will ultimately depend on the applicant and the position they are applying to.
However, most CVs fall within two main categories:
Did you know that the term CV means different things depending on where you are in the world?
CVs can be further divided into two separate categories depending on your geographic location.
These categories are:
In Europe and other international destinations, a CV is the standard resume format expected by employers.
Comparatively, most employers within the United States prefer a one-page resume over a multiple-page CV.
A resume is a short document used primarily within the United States and Canada.
Unlike the CV, a resume will take only the best parts of a person’s career and summarize them within a concise, one-page format.
The general goal of a resume is targeting a specific job.
You should always tailor each resume you write to fit the job description.
The key to writing a strong resume is to focus on simplicity and relevance.
You should include only your most relevant work experience and skills.
Additionally, resumes should be highly skimmable.
This means they should have clearly labeled sections with bullet points that are easy to read quickly.
There are three main types of resumes. They are as follows:
Are you still unsure which resume format will suit your needs the best? Read our guide on How to Choose the Correct Resume Format (with Examples)!